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  • Writer's pictureDennis Toh

So you want to trade in 2024? Here's 10 fundamentals to know.

Updated: Jan 16

Forex, short for foreign exchange, is the global marketplace for trading national currencies against one another. Forex trading involves buying one currency and selling another simultaneously. Here are the basics of forex investment:

Currency Pairs:

In forex trading, currencies are traded in pairs. Each pair consists of a base currency and a quote currency. The value of the currency pair is the amount of the quote currency needed to purchase one unit of the base currency.

Major, Minor, and Exotic Pairs:

Major currency pairs involve the most widely traded currencies like the US Dollar (USD), Euro (EUR), and Japanese Yen (JPY).

Minor pairs don't include the USD but involve other major currencies.

Exotic pairs involve one major currency and one currency from a smaller or emerging economy.

Bid and Ask Price:

The bid price is the price at which traders can sell a currency pair.

The ask price is the price at which traders can buy a currency pair.

The difference between the bid and ask prices is known as the spread.


Leverage allows traders to control a larger position size with a smaller amount of capital.

While leverage can amplify profits, it also increases the risk of significant losses.


Margin is the amount of money required to open and maintain a trading position.

It is expressed as a percentage of the full position size.


A pip (percentage in point) is the smallest price move that a given exchange rate can make based on market convention.

Most currency pairs are quoted with four decimal places, and one pip is typically the last decimal place.

Long and Short Positions:

Going long means buying a currency pair with the expectation that its value will rise.

Going short means selling a currency pair with the expectation that its value will fall.

Risk Management:

Setting stop-loss orders helps limit potential losses by automatically closing a trade if the market moves against the trader.

Take-profit orders can be set to automatically close a trade when a certain profit level is reached.


Traders use technical analysis, studying price charts and patterns, and fundamental analysis, considering economic indicators and news, to make informed trading decisions.

Market Participants:

Forex markets are influenced by various participants, including banks, financial institutions, governments, corporations, and individual traders.

24-Hour Market:

Forex operates 24 hours a day, five days a week, allowing traders to participate in global markets at any time.

Before engaging in forex trading, it's crucial to educate yourself, develop a trading strategy, and practice with a demo account. Additionally, understanding the risks and using risk management tools is essential for successful forex investment.

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